In Gulliver’s Travels, there are many references to the people’s power and ethics in the countries Gulliver visits. It is important to understand a Lilliputian’s beliefs before you set off to read Gulliver’s Travels. The same goes for the people of Blefuscu and Brobdingnag. Each country has its differences. Some dispute over traditions, and Lilliputians and Brobdingnagians vary in size. It is quite fun to discover weird and different ideas that are so unlike ours. Although it’s ideal to read the book, this review might help you understand Lilliput and Brobdingnag even before you read that part of the book.
Lilliput is full of interesting individuals and Gulliver describes them very well. The reason I will be talking in depth about descriptions is that these odd countries, and the people who live in them, are quite different from England or America in many ways. Gulliver describes how the King doesn’t cower in fear over Gulliver’s great height. He treats Him like he is one of his own people, not a giant ready to crush him. My point is that while the King and other royalty are a great deal smaller than Gulliver, they still expect to be treated as royalty, with respect and honor. While a huge man stands right above the King, his dignity is unbroken.
A Lilliputian’s ethics compared to ours are quite different and somewhat messed up. At a young age, the children of Lilliput are sent to a school where they are taught very well in many subjects. But what is so different from our forms of schooling, is that the children do not live with their family. Sometimes children can have brief visits with their parents and siblings, but not often. They are basically brought up by the Government.
The Lilliputians have many other odd traditions including burying their dead with their heads down. They do this because they believe that the dead rise after a week and flip over onto their feet. Lilliput and its neighboring country Blefuscu have been fighting for years over what side to crack an egg on. The Emperor’s Grandfather had cracked his egg on the bigger side according to tradition. But when he cut himself, he made the law that said you had to crack it on the smaller side. Many people did not like the law, and war broke out between the two parties.
There are also detailed descriptions of the people who live in Brobdingnag, and what this gigantic race believes. The Brobdingnagians treat Gulliver as if he is a fool when Gulliver describes how he would have attacked the monkey that captured him one day. The people listening just laugh him off thinking he could never do anything to hurt a creature of that size. They make fun of him for trying to be brave, but don’t put themselves in his shoes first. In Brobdingnag, a monkey would’ve been quite big compared to an Englishman like Gulliver.
Besides the fact that Brobdingnagians have never thought about what it’s like to be small, they are horrified when Gulliver describes England’s guns and cannons. They hate war and treat it like it’s a sickness to be avoided. But unlike Lilliput, they just don’t have anything to fight over. It’s not just that they don’t like war, but that it’s unnecessary in their circumstances. So therefore they have never even thought about creating weapons of their own.
I hope this essay has given you more information on Lilliput and Brobdingnag. There is so much to study in just sixteen chapters, part 1 and part 2. Even though I didn’t review the whole book, I thought that there were many examples of power and ethics in just two parts. I also mixed in the views of each country, that had to do with their power and ethics, and talked about the community’s ideas and traditions. If you have not read Gulliver’s Travels, it is quite an interesting book that you should read. If you have read it, I hope this has helped you!